Baisakhi (also Vaisakhi, Vaishakhi) Festival is mainly celebrated in North India as the “Punjabi New Year”. The day of Baisakhi is considered one of the most important days among the Punjabi community. The Sikh people start the celebration by visiting the Gurdwara. It is also celebrated by other people.
It is celebrated on the first day of Vaisakh, which generally falls on the 13th or 14th April every year.
New Year: Punjabis celebrate this festival as Punjabi New Year. One the same day, the Bengali New Year (Poila Baisakh) and Bhogali Bihu is celebrated.
Harvest Festival: Baisakhi is a harvest festival. This auspicious day is very important for the farmers. They offer thanks to god and pray for the good crops in the future.
Baisakhi is a time for re-union of friends and families. Elders bless the younger generation. People also distribute food and clothes to the poor people.
Dance: People of all ages wear new clothes and gather together to perform dance. This form of dance is popularly known as Bhangra.
Besides India, the festival is celebrated by Punjabis across Nepal, Pakistan, United States, Canada, United Kingdom, and Srilanka.
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Vaisakhi (Punjabi: ਵਿਸਾਖੀ, Hindi: बैसाखीvaisākhī (also known as Vishu or Baisakhi) is an important festival celebrated by Sikhs and Hindus. It is a very big celebration in South Asia and is celebrated around April 13.
Observance[change | change source]
Vaisakhi is the ancient harvest festival in the Punjab region. It is also the start of a new solar year, and new harvest season. Baisakhi is a Sikhreligious festival. It falls on the first day of the Baisakh month in the solar calendar, which corresponds to April 13 in the Gregorian calendar. In Sikhism, it remembers the creation of the Khalsa at Anandpur Sahib in 1699, by the 10th Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh.
This day is also observed as the beginning of the Hindu solar new year celebrated by the people of Nepal and India in Assam Valley, Kerala, Orissa, West Bengal and some other regions of India. There are regional variation outside of Punjab too. In Himachal Pradesh, the Hindu Goddess Jwalamukhi is worshipped on Vaisakhi, while in Bihar, the Sun-god Surya is honoured.
Other observances[change | change source]
The festival is celebrated as
Calendars[change | change source]
Hinduism and Sikhism have several religious calendars. Some places of worship accept one version and others use a different version. So the festival will always fall on the same day in the western Gregorian calendar.