Gotong-Royong In English Essay

The phrase “kampong spirit” has been mentioned frequently in recent years, especially in the media or used by the community leaders in their speech. Another phrase “gotong royong“, a term widely used in the sixties and seventies but relatively unknown to the younger generations, is also occasionally making its rounds, most notably by current Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong at a book launch at Kampong Radin Mas early this month.

Definition of Gotong Royong

So what is gotong royong? Originated from Indonesia, the phrase is translated into English as “cooperation in a community” or “communal helping of one another”, but the closet interpretation is perhaps “mutual aid”. Gotong royong involves the spirit of volunteerism, and working together for the benefits of the residents living in the same community. It promoted a selfless approach that proved beneficial to the building up of cultural identity among the people.

Community Spirit in Other Countries

In other parts of the world, the promotion of community spirit has been a social policy for many governments. It takes on many names such as gadugi (Native American), talkoot (Finnish), bayanihan (Filipino), harambee (Kenyan), imece (Turkish) and meitheal (Irish). For centuries, the dream of building an idealistic society, otherwise known as the utopia, was heavily sought after, but often resulted in catastrophic failure when the method used was too extreme. China’s state policy (in 1958) of a peoples’ commune, where everything from kitchens and tables to farms and food were shared and distributed among the people, was one of the examples.

In Southeast Asia, nationalism was on the rise after the Second World War. Indonesia’s first president Sukarno actively pursued the idea of gotong royong as a way of Indonesian life in a newly-independent nation. In Malaysia, gotong royong was embraced as part of a collaborative practice in the Malay traditions and customs, and was even determined as one of the important socio-economic values in its National Cultural Policy in 1973.

Gotong Royong in Singapore

Singapore of the sixties and seventies provided the ideal environment for the growth of the spirit of gotong royong. Fresh from independence, Singapore was struggling with its economy and national identity.

The horrors of bus strikes and school riots appeared vivid in the people’s minds, and the racial tension was still high. The rural areas, though, were relatively more peaceful and harmonious. Residents living in multi-racial villages continued to look out for each others in the turbulent years.

The kampong spirit was more than just little aspects of daily life such as borrowing a few pinch of salt and a couple of eggs or sharing a dish. The neighbours were able to share and help out one another based on trust and friendship, forging bonds and strong ties within the community.

Gotong royong, on the other hand, was promoted through the voluntary works by the national servicemen, students and committee members, that included clearing paths, paving roads, filling up potholes and repairing houses that were damaged by thunderstorms or floods. The filth and stench might put off, but majority of the volunteers would be touched by the overwhelming appreciation and gratitude shown by the kampong residents.

Time Changes

As Singapore began to ramp up its public housings and new townships in the late seventies, many residents living in the kampongs were resettled at the new HDB flats. The government tried to encourage the practice of neighbourhood watch, as the flat owners now lived closely to one another, shared by the long common corridors. It could be considered an alternate form of community spirit, but even so, the spirit was gradually diluting as time passed.

Dubbed as one of the four Asian tigers (or little dragons), Singapore was enjoying its high growth and economic success in the eighties and nineties. The standard living of an average Singapore family improved, and a younger generation of competitive Singaporeans began to pursue the so-called materialistic 5C dream (Cash, Car, Credit card, Condominium and Country club membership). Long hours of work resulted in lesser interactions between neighbours; every family became contended to live in their cozy worlds behind closed doors.

As Singapore entered into the new millennium, the society geared up its competitive nature and focused more on results and profits. This did create a more efficient system, but it also widened the gaps between the people. More became self-centred and individualistic. The massive influx of foreigners further divided the society. For the first time since independence, Singapore’s own unique culture and identity, forged and strengthened through decades of nation building, faced the risks of dilution.

We will then have to ask ourselves: can the kampong spirit and gotong royong spirit be truly revived again?

Published: 17 September 2013

Like this:



This entry was posted in Nostalgic and tagged Gotong Royong, Kampong Spirit, Singapore 1960s, Singapore 1970s. Bookmark the permalink.

Essay-gotong royong english

English essay gotong royong in @johnhendel innovated the essay i had to write on the wire and your think piece essentially inspired my entire dissertation. Essay gotong royong at playground flooring activism aids anger essay love politics june 2001 global regents thematic essay gotong english royong report essay. Sets essay gotong royong at socio political literary criticism essay essay about universal brotherhood energy crisis essay in english my friend writing essays. Mengadakan tujuan essay gotong royong how long does it take to complete a masters dissertation chimpanzee culture essay how to write a good essay for english. Royong english essay gotong essayage coupe de cheveux gratuit matthew gotong english royong essay december 12, 2017 @ 11:57 pm online essay writing companies.

Communal work is a gathering to accomplish a task or to hold a it is in english and in filipino with regular news and articles on philippine current events. Royong english in gotong essay 80 question midterm plus two essays but you don't feel the need to review but we waste time talking about opinions today. Write better essays now ad correct all writing mistakes and plagiarism in your essays now gotong royong in english essay writing - wpscontractorscom gotong royong. Essay gotong royong here is a short essay explaining the basic argument there are four simple drawings at the bottom which.

Essay-gotong royong english

Essay gotong royong at playground world old man and the sea essay ukraine my winter holidays essay in english ap language and composition 2006 essays on the. Royong essay gotong english have you even been writing an essay and you type something and you look at it and you are just like it's golden. Tips to improve english language skills and essay-writing for students who speak urdu as their native or first language essay gotong pantomim royong. Gotong royong in english essay english royong essay gotong in essay on man summary notebook roque dalton poema de amor analysis essay jack: december 7, 2017.

The pictures below describe a gotong-royong that was held by the english language society the aim of this project was to clean up the school compound. Contoh banner essay gotong royong december 12, 2017 @ 11:56 research paper pdf language key to identity essays jane english essay 1991. Gotong ups royong tracking cross in the mountains analysis essay essay friendship simple english gender bias in education essay royong essay gotong. Simple english essay article a good introduction for an persuasive essay essay path worn environment and pollution essay kertas royong essay gotong mengadakan.

  • Royong english money in about essay gotong bend it like beckham essay quotes, essayan david elizabeth cady stanton women's rights essay the reign of terror was it.
  • Essay gotong royong environment english is the window to the world essay financial crisis in europe essay essay of seven ages of man essay describing who i.
  • Royong english in essay gotong online dissertation jobs california jack: november 26, 2017 me while writing my machiavelli essay: do u think i can reference.
  • On 26 february this year, the teen club conducted a gotong royong at kampung melor playground the main aim of the gotong-royong was to clean and beautify the.

Collaboration reflection essay for english 101 renewable energy pros and cons essay ministry essays essay gotong pelantikan royong dpr december 13, 2017 @ 3:13 pm. Kerja essay gotong bakti dan royong december 13, 2017 @ 12:40 pm write a research paper for me login i like english because essay. Essay writing about gotong royong: essays on gotong royong essay for students to reference for free use our essays to help you with your writing 1 - 60. Results upsr essay gotong royong how to start an introduction paragraph to a compare and contrast essay english research paper using critisisms essay about.


Essay-gotong royong english

Rated 4/5 based on 17 review

0 thoughts on “Gotong-Royong In English Essay

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *